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January 2023: US economy adds 379,000 jobs as unemployment rate remains unchanged

An unemployment scale

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) releases a monthly report on the employment situation in the country.

The report provides valuable insights into the current state of the job market, including the number of people employed, the unemployment rate, and the average hourly earnings of workers.

The report is based on data collected from various sources, including surveys of households and businesses.

It is widely used by policymakers, economists, and other stakeholders to gauge the economy's health.

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Key Findings from the Latest Report


The latest employment situation report shows that the U.S. economy added 379,000 jobs in January 2023. The unemployment rate remained unchanged at 6.3 percent, while the number of unemployed was 9.9 million.

The average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 6 cents to $33.24.

Understanding the Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate is a measure of the percentage of the labor force that is currently without work but actively seeking employment.

The unemployment rate is calculated by dividing the unemployed by the total labor force, including employed and unemployed individuals.

The rate provides a useful snapshot of the current state of the job market.

Economists and policymakers closely watch it as a key indicator of the economy's health.

Factors that Affect the Unemployment Rate

Many factors can influence the unemployment rate, including economic growth, labor demand changes, and workforce demographic shifts.

In times of economic growth, businesses typically hire more workers, decreasing the unemployment rate.

Conversely, during economic downturns, businesses may lay off workers or reduce their hiring, leading to an increase in the unemployment rate.

Demographic shifts, such as an aging population or changes in immigration patterns, can also impact the unemployment rate.

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The Importance of Average Hourly Earnings

The average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls is another important metric in the employment situation report.

This measure provides a snapshot of the average earnings of workers in the U.S. economy and can give insight into the overall financial well-being of American workers.

Changes in the average hourly earnings can reflect changes in labor demand and the availability of job opportunities, as well as broader trends in the economy, such as inflation and economic growth.

Alex Mcdowell, WhatJobs Global Partnership Director, comments

Picture of Alex McDowell
Alex McDowell is the Global Head of Partnerships at, the leading job search engine.

" The latest data from the BLS highlights the ongoing challenges and uncertainties in the U.S. employment market, even as some signs of improvement are visible.

"The unemployment rate has dropped recently but remains elevated compared to pre-pandemic levels, and average hourly earnings have grown modestly.

"Despite these challenges, there are reasons for optimism, including the steady pace of job growth and the decline in the number of long-term unemployed individuals.

"The situation is complex and will likely continue to evolve in the coming months. Still, the data provides important insights for anyone seeking to understand the current state of the U.S. employment market.

"By staying informed and engaged, workers, employers, and policymakers can take steps to support the ongoing recovery and help build a stronger, more resilient labor market."

Alex McDowell is the Global Partnership Director at For more information, please visit WhatJobs/About

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