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Everything You Need To Know About Accountancy

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In the complex world of business and finance, the accountancy sector is a vital cog in the wheels of commerce. 

These financial experts manage various aspects of cash flow, public reporting, and tax management in businesses and corporations.

They actively maintain the accuracy of a company’s records, analyze financial operations to enhance business efficiency, and ensure the timely and correct payment of taxes.

But what does it mean to be an accountant?

What skills does a person need to excel in this profession, and what opportunities does it present?

Let’s delve into the world of accounting.

What Does an Accountant Do?

Accountants are much more than number crunchers; they are critical thinkers, problem solvers, and strategic planners whose work touches every aspect of a business.

They examine and prepare financial records, ensure their accuracy, and confirm that taxes are correctly paid and submitted on time.

But their responsibilities extend far beyond these core tasks.

Accountants also perform overviews of the financial operations of a business.

They can help a business become more efficient by helping to reduce costs and increase revenues.

They engage in strategic planning, budgeting, and decision-making processes within the business.

Accountants can also advise on reducing costs, enhancing revenues, and improving profits.

In addition to these general duties, accountants may also specialize in different areas of practice, including auditing, tax, management, and consulting, and they can earn certifications in these areas.

Salaries of Different Types of Accountants

The salary of an accountant can vary significantly depending on their specialization, location, and level of experience.

As of 2023, the median salary for accountants and auditors in the United States is approximately $73,560 annually.

However, this can range from around $45,220 for the lowest 10% to over $128,680 for the top 10%.

Certified Public Accountants (CPAs), who have passed a rigorous exam and met other state-specific requirements, tend to earn more than their non-certified counterparts.

Other factors that can affect an accountant’s salary include the size and profitability of the company they work for, the cost of living in their area, and the demand for accountants in that area.

More information about accountants’ salaries can be found here.

Where Can Accountants Work in the US?

Accountants can work in a variety of settings in the US, including corporations, government agencies, non-profit organizations, small businesses, and accounting firms.

They also have the option to work as self-employed professionals, providing their services to individuals and companies on a contractual basis.

Nationwide demand for accountants is high, and we anticipate growth in job opportunities in this field in the coming years.

Cities like New York and Chicago host a high concentration of accounting jobs, attributable to the large presence of corporations and accounting firms

However, accountants can find good job opportunities in many other cities and towns across the country.

Skills Needed to Be an Accountant

To be a successful accountant, you need a combination of hard and soft skills.

These include strong mathematical skills, attention to detail, accounting software and database knowledge, and an understanding of business principles.

Additionally, accountants should have excellent analytical, problem-solving, and communication skills.

In addition to these skills, accountants need to be comfortable working with numbers and have a good understanding of the laws and regulations governing their field.

They should also be ethical and trustworthy, as they often have access to sensitive financial information.

The Biggest Accounting Firms

For those interested in working in the accounting industry, here are the top 10 accounting firms in the US as of 2023:

  1. Deloitte: $27.9 billion in net revenue
  2.  PwC: $21.3 billion in net revenue
  3.  Ernst & Young (EY): $21.0 billion in net revenue
  4.  KPMG: $13.7 billion in net revenue
  5.  RSM US LLP: $3.7 billion in net revenue
  6.  BDO USA LLP: $2.8 billion in net revenue
  7.  Grant Thornton LLP: $2.3 billion in net revenue
  8.  FORVIS LLP: $1.7 billion in net revenue
  9.  CLA: $1.6 billion in net revenue
  10.  Baker Tilly: $1.6 billion in net revenue

These firms offer a wide range of services and opportunities for accountants at all stages of their careers.

They are known for their competitive salaries, comprehensive benefits, and opportunities for advancement.

What qualifications do you need to become an accountant?

Managing the money for a massive corporation is not an easy job, and so accountants have certain qualifications.

To become an accountant in the United States, you typically need the following qualifications:

Bachelor’s Degree

Most entry-level accountancy jobs require a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. This degree provides a foundation in accounting principles, business, finance, and economics.


While not always required, accountancy certifications can enhance job prospects.

The Certified Public Accountant (CPA) is the most common certification and requires passing the Uniform CPA Examination.

Other certifications include Certified Management Accountant (CMA), Certified Internal Auditor (CIA), and Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE).


Some accountancy positions may require experience, which can be gained through internships, entry-level jobs, or graduate assistantships.

Master’s Degree

For more advanced positions, a master’s degree in accounting or business administration (MBA) with a concentration in accounting can be beneficial.

State Licensure

To file reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), an accountant must be a CPA and licensed by the state’s Board of Accountancy.

Continuing Education

Accountants need to stay updated with changes in laws and regulations, which can be achieved through continuing education courses.

Remember, requirements can vary by state and employer, so it’s important to research specific requirements for the job you’re interested in.

Final thoughts

Being an accountant is a rewarding career choice that offers a wide range of opportunities.

Whether you’re interested in working for a top accounting firm, a small business, or striking out on your own, there’s a path for you in the accounting industry.

With the right skills and dedication, you can play a pivotal role in shaping the financial health of businesses and individuals alike.

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